We are currently doing a desk review on the publications that appeared in mainstream media in context of current pandemic. We noticed huge increase in interest on the issue of mental health and psychosocial impact caused by pandemic in the media and among the public. We have covered the news published in the last three months (March, April and May).

We are publishing the summaries here for now. We will prepare an analytical report and share it later.

This work was jointly done by Palistha Tuladhar, Deepshikha Dangol, and Sujen Man Maharjan. More about them at the end of the page.


Title: Post-pandemic mental health epidemic

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Sonia Awale April 22, 2020


This article talks about how the number of Nepalis suffering from mental health issues is increasing with the prolonged COVID-19 lockdown, and when there is lack of services for treatment and counselling, it could make a country face an epidemic of psychosocial and mental health problems.

It highlights findings from the survey by Transcultural Psychosocial Organisation (TPO) Nepal and Sharecast Initiative during the lockdown in which over 1,500 Nepalis participated.

It predicts that it can cause an epidemic of mental health problems long after the pandemic is over. People are at risk of depression, anxiety, alcohol and substance abuse and psychotic disorders due to the effects of lockdown and changes brought out by this unforeseen crisis.

It quotes Dr. Kamal Gautam from TPO Nepal, Dr. Rabi Shakya (misspelled in the website actually) from Patan Hospital, Mita Rana from Teaching Hospital and also Nepal’s second confirmed coronavirus patient Prasiddhi Shrestha.


Link: https://www.nepalitimes.com/here-now/post-pandemic-mental-health-epidemic/



Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Dr. Samrath Singh/ April 21st, 2020

Summary: Through the article, Dr.Samrath Singh very well highlights the importance of mental health and the toll it is taking on people amidst the pandemic. Human beings are social animals and due to the restrictions placed on maintaining social distance and isolating themself from the outside realm has shown an increased rise in anxiety and depression among people.

The article highlights the major plight of the frontline healthcare workers and security agencies who are at much major risk of collapsing to a physiological or psychological damage as they are working with very less rest in battling the pandemic. Dr. Samrath also sheds a light on how government from different parts of the world are trying to mitigate the effect of self-isolation and encourage and extend gratitude towards the health care workers such as the lighting lights from the balcony in UK and clapping the kitchen utensils and lighting lights in the balcony in India. This was done to uplift the souls of people worldwide in a simple message as to convey that we all are in this together.

In his conclusion, Dr.Samrath Singh very well advises people on what not to do in this period which can help us mentally. The very first and foremost step is to not fill our brains with the news of the virus unless it has come from a reliable source such as WHO. An important step to take care of one’s mental health is to keep oneself busy and engaging in activities. In conclusion, he has mentioned taking psychiatric help in cause of extreme distress via social media or telecommunication.


Link: https://www.nepal24hours.com/impact-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-mental-health/


Title: कोरोनाले बढायो चिन्ता: यसरी कम गर्न सकिन्छ

Published date: Chaitra 28, 2076


The article highlights the importance of looking after oneself during an uncertain situation and suggestions to cope with these times. Numerous professionals like Sandesh Dhakal, an associate professor and psychologist at TU, Dr. Kapil Dev Upadhyay, Senior Psychiatrist, Dr. Ganga Pathak, Psychologist, have given guidelines about how people can subsist and the online forums available. Similarly, it describes how different artists, poets and singers are helping people cope up during these situations.

When an uncertain situation occurs, 20- 25 percent of people worry excessively out of which 4-5 percent of people are scared for a longer period of time. This was found accurate through a study of the victims of the 2072 earthquake. The write up focuses attention to the anxiety problems people may arise with, during the lockdown of COVID-19, and how we can keep ourselves occupied. Singers like Deepak Bajracharya and his band, are doing live concerts to entertain those who live in fear at home and help maintain positive thinking along with other artists that are using online platforms. Similarly, online services are being provided by different groups for anyone in need. Moreover, online reading materials and classes are being conducted to keep oneself occupied.

Dr. Kapil Dev Upadhyay, advises to pay attention to avoid the threat of pandemic and worry less by listening to music and watching comedy telefilms. Yoga, meditation and physical exercise along with positive thinking will help us take care of ourselves along with eating healthy and nutritious foods. Dr. Ganga Pathak, points out that anxiety is more prevalent in women which is confirmed by various studies due to various workloads which adds to the trauma effect, both physical and mental health. So first of all, don’t worry about yourself and don’t think negatively and we need to strengthen our self-confidence.


Link: https://www.himalkhabar.com/news/112726


Title: कोभिड१९ भन्दा कम खतरनाक छैन सामाजिक लाञ्छना

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:चैत ३०, २०७६, Prakash BK


The writer is a sociologist who talks about stigma related to the corona infection. He highlights the social issue of discrimination and communal hate that people of Asian region are in. During times like these, the government should take action against any person or groups inciting such hate and stigma but unfortunately the government has failed not only in preventing and managing them but also have itself been discriminatory in its behavior towards returnee migrant Nepalis. They have been stopped at the borders and not allowed to enter into Nepali territory which makes the state’s discriminatory attitude towards its citizens clear. When the Nepalese were evacuated from Wuhan, the government arranged the quaratennine for them at Kharipati area where the locals were fearful of the transmission however, government strongly responded by proper arrangements which should have been done in other places as well around the country to counter stigma among the people.


Link: https://ratopati.com/story/125810/2020/4/12/social-stimga


Title: कोरोनाको मनोसामाजिक प्रभाव

 Writer(Reporter)/Published date: साझना तोलांगे, २०७७ बैशाख ११ बिहीबार


Sajhana argues that marginalized and disadvantaged groups are more at risk of mental health and psychosocial problems during crisis like these. She supports her argument with research done by scholars from Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA which was done in Lamjung after earthquakes in 2015 in which low-caste (dalits) were more affected psychologically and reported higher anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem than high caste (e.g., Brahmin) and ethnic indigenous (e.g., Gurung) groups in the study. She says daily wage workers, street children, homeless, women and the old population will be severely affected by the current pandemics. Working women have their responsibility with work-from-home mode. They are feeling more stressed and are also not able to contribute to their work fully. She highlights what the government role should be in helping the citizens. Further in her feature, she discusses the concept of resilience as defined by psychologist Emmy Werner and others in coping with distresses.


Link: https://www.nayapatrikadaily.com/news-details/41904/2020-04-23


Title: स्वाथ्यकर्मीको मनोबल बढाउनु आमनागरिकको जिम्मेवारी

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: छोरीलक्ष्मी महर्जन , प्रकाशित मिति: शुक्रबार, वैशाख , २०७७, १४:५२:००


The writer appreciates the hard work of the frontline healthcare workers and applauds them for their bravery and selfless service in times like these by putting their own lives at risk. She worries about the public reaction and stigmatization in the current context of covid. At other times, health workers have a high regard and they are socially high-regarded but now suddenly due to the fear and uncertainty, people are not welcoming them. She requests the public in helping them to maintain their morale high to serve others well.


Link: https://www.setopati.com/opinion/204118


Title: लकडाउन, क्वारेन्टाइन र मानसिक तनाव

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Dr.Ritesh Thapa/Fatima Banu; April 15, 2020.


The article sheds light on how the lockdown has affected the citizens of Nepal in their daily activities and also the impact it is having on their mental health. As the days of the lockdown are getting stretched, people are also getting highly frustrated of having to be in isolation for more.

The government of Nepal announced the country to go on lockdown March 24, 2020 without prior warnings for the citizens to prepare themselves for this battle against the pandemic. Dr.Ritesh mentions how other countries where the virus has hit worse had a time to prepare themselves to buy the essential items such as food, water and medicines as it was announced in an earlier notice. Although, the consequence of the sudden announcement of the lockdown is being faced by all the citizens of Nepal, the working class people are mostly affected with very little rationing left to eat, which will consequently lead them to have mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, insomnia etc.

Dr. Ritesh mentions a patient from Gorkha who has been taking mental illness medications for a long time and how he was worried about the means to get the medications amidst the lockdown. The patient worries he would go back to his previous medical condition if he does not get a dose of his regular medication. This is just a small example on how the people with mental illness are seriously affected due to the pandemic and the lockdown. The unnecessary news and rumors on COVID-19 that circulates through the internet also severely affects patients with anxiety and depression. It has also been said that once the pandemic is over and the world is free from lockdown, people are still going to suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

The article also discusses the mental health problem in the health care workers who are working in the front-line to mitigate the virus. Due to the anxiety and grief from the virus, it is said that many health care workers have left their professions and few have committed suicide due to the fear of catching the virus.

It is important to take care of oneself physically and also mentally during a pandemic crisis such as this. Dr. Ritesh mentions that we should keep ourselves busy during the period of quarantine which helps in reducing negative thoughts. In his concluding statement, he mentions several ways to keep oneself mentally healthy during quarantine.


Link: https://ekantipur.com/opinion/2020/03/28/158536788205986360.html


Title: Mental health, social media and Covid-19 Pandemic

Writer (Reporter)/Published date: Sudeep Uprety; Chaitra 28, 2076


As COVID-19 pandemic has increased all over the world, countries have taken measures of lockdown and physical distancing. As we isolate ourselves from the outer world, there arises problems of mental health as we are not used to these uncertain situations. This article highlights the impacts on mental health and some notable efforts along with recommendations.

Recent survey conducted by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) shows COVID-19 is seriously affecting Americans’ mental health, with half of US adults reporting high levels of anxiety. Another cross sectional survey with 1257 health care providers shows that there is a high prevalence of depression (50%), anxiety (45%), insomnia (34%), and distress (72%).

As the cases of pandemic increases all over the world, people are suffering from stigma and social exclusion, triggering racism and xenophobia. To avoid these stigmatizations, we need to stop associating Covid-19 with any nationality. The World Health Organization (WHO) has even recommended people and the media not to use the terms such as “victims” or “the diseased” as such terms may reinforce the stigma.

Infodemic, that are doubtful rumors on the emergence of viruses and preventive measures are rapidly being spread through various social media. Therefore, popular social media have taken measures to subsist false information. Facebook has banned the sales of false advertisement, claiming products are getting out of stocks due to the coronavirus. In addition, twitter has been redirecting people searching information on coronavirus to verified sites. Also, some fact checking blogs and organizations in Nepal such as Mysansar and Centre for Media Research (CMR) have also made people aware of some fake news related to Covid-19.

With an increasing amount of suicide by the frontline workers, along with known people, there can be increase in copycat suicide with someone the person identifies or similar locations. Organizations such as Transcultural Psychosocial Organization (TPO) Nepal are providing psychosocial support and counselling/consultation to the needy via toll free hotline number. There should also be equal consideration of the frontline workers regarding their mental health by providing them emotional support. Even fulfillment of basic needs such as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and positive posts over social media could lift up their spirits.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides some useful tips for coping with stress such as: taking breaks from watching, reading, or listening to news stories and doing other activities for enjoyment; connecting with friends and loved ones and sharing your feelings; taking care of your body by taking deep breaths, eating healthy, well-balanced meals, exercising regularly, getting plenty of sleep, and avoiding alcohol and drugs.


Link: https://swasthyakhabar.com/story/31460


Title: कोभिड१९ महामारीका बेला मानसिक रूपमा कसरी स्वस्थ रहने ?

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Rita Shrestha; March 26, 2020

Summary: Prof. Rita Shrestha, head of psychology department in Tribhuvan University, writes about the adverse impact of lockdown and how it can be managed to prevent mental health consequences. People are staying at home and are not able to do their regular work and other business. She suggests the first step is overcoming fear and taking care of oneself. Then, one can help others. Different psychological reactions can be observed during times like these. She further lays out symptoms of stress reactions, a group of people who are at-risk and vulnerable and the ways to maintain mental health and psychological wellbeing.


Link: https://www.dekhapadhi.com/news/9141

SNo. 10

Title: Memoirs of a “Super-Spreader”

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Prasiddhi Shrestha; April 18, 2020


As Prassidhi Shrestha returned from France via Qatar, she was the second covid-19 case of Nepal. She takes us through her journey of travelling back to Kathmandu and getting her test results as positive. She mentions her physical and mental journey through the disease. She went through a major mental pressure, from being one of the reasons for the start of lockdown to the media exaggerating her story and mentioning her as a ‘super spreader’. Social media also played a major role in the stigmatization. However, she thanks and mentions that her family, friends, doctors and nurse were supportive and encouraging her spirits up. She concludes that physical concerns are being looked up but often the mental health aspect of the virus is neglected.


Link: https://www.ledragondechaine.com/single-post/2020/04/18/Memoirs-of-a-Super-Spreader

SNo. 11

Title: Nyaya Health Nepal Responds to Covid-19

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:  April 27, 2020


In partnership with the Ministry of Health and Population, Nyaya Health Nepal (NHN) is managing and delivering healthcare in two locations of Nepal: Achham , a remote district, and Dolakha which was the epicenter of the 2015 earthquake. The organization works with the local government to deliver integrated and quality healthcare systems across the country. The article highlights the work done by the organization in response to COVID-19.

The NHN ensures that people are getting access to quality care along with adapting to these uncertain situations. They have established isolation rooms and fever clinics in Bayalpata Hospital and Chaurpati Primary Health Centre in Sudurpaschim Province, and Charikot Hospital in Bagmati Province. The frontline workers battling through this journey have been trained on infection prevention along with self-care during these stressful situations.

The NHN focuses on three components- improving and managing the quality of care, home based care through Community Health Workers (CHW) and electronic health record (EHR). Through the CHW they are providing care remotely such as counselling sessions to pregnant women and women who have children under 2 years, counselling on Covid-19 at health posts and providing psychosocial counsellors for Covid-19 patients and anyone in need. They have also developed the records of all the patient’s treatment, facilities and counseling modules that were used with Rapid Diagnostic Testing, along with regular updates on their webpage.

With the rising cases of pandemic, NHN looks at all the tiers to determine what type of care can be provided that is cost effective, accessible and affordable to people in need.


Link: https://thehimalayantimes.com/kathmandu/nyaya-health-nepal-responds-to-covid-19/

Themes: Mental Health, Tips, Physical health

SNo. 12

Title: How Nepal’s Supreme court upheld the dignity of Migrant workers without diluting COVID Fight

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Hardik Subedi; April 28, 2020


This article talks about the interim order passed on April 17 by the bench of Justices Ananda Mohan Bhattarai and Sapana Pradhan Malla in favour of the rights of the migrant workers. He talks in detail about migrant workers’ difficulties during the time of this pandemic. The Supreme Court has issued an interim order in the name of the Government to rescue Nepalis in a vulnerable situation abroad. the court acknowledged that certain groups of people, esp. migrant labourers, who do not have a place to reside in Kathmandu, the disabled, children, elderly citizens, and women  are more affected than the rest of the city-dwellers. It emphasizes on the state’s duty to protect the dignity of its citizens.

This order is significant as it also expresses concern for human suffering and  the less talked about impact on mental health during the crises. The court has directed the government to arrange for counselling sessions for anyone undergoing mental distress. However, little is known about how this order will be implemented with concrete action plans to protect the mental health of Nepali people in the country and abroad.


Link: https://thewire.in/law/nepal-supreme-court-migrant-workers

Themes: Law, Migration, Mental health

SNo. 13

Title: Coping with Covid stress

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Sriju Bajracharya/ April 16, 2020


The country has been on a nationwide lockdown since March 24 following the outbreak of global pandemic COVID-19, and as people adjust to the normality of life indoors, it is important to remember that most of the people are going to go through different phases of psychological changes and it is very important to prioritize one’s mental health now more than ever. The Kathmandu Post spoke to few psychologists regarding this matter.

Renuka Manadhar who works at Crystal Counselling and Psychotherapy and  Training Center says that at an uncertain time as such, people could be feeling anxious, guilty, helpless and insecure, to name a few. One can put an extreme strain on their mental capability while just even pondering about the pandemic.

Manandhar stresses that the pandemic has pushed people into the three psychological zones of fear: fear, learning and growth. She mentions a few techniques which can help one see the light at the end of the tunnel which will help oneself and others.

Distraction is the first step towards relieving stress. It is very pivotal that we don’t look at news or any objects which we know might trigger the fear and stress in us. Trying to distract oneself and focusing more on tasks which we enjoy relaxes any physical and mental strain we might be feeling. Manandhar also advises on following few breathing exercises as it has been proved in easing any body strain.

The most important step is to seek immediate psychological help if they are having difficulty with depressive feelings. It’s never too late to ask for help. Manandhar herself is providing tele counselling to many people from across the country to help cope with the fear and stress. There are various other counselling carters such as Counselors Alliance for Psychological Support and Counseling Nepal, Crystal Counseling and Psychotherapy and Training Center, TPO Nepal, TSOP Nepal offering tele counselling services to those who are in need. Lastly, it is very important for all of us to face the fact that our lifestyle is going to be different and come to accept the new normal.


Link: https://kathmandupost.com/health/2020/04/16/coping-with-covid-stress

Themes: Stress, Fear, Tips, Counselling, New normal. 

SNo. 14

Title: Panic, paranoia and anxiety: Doctors report a worrying rise in Mental Health patients

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Arjun Poudel/ April 7, 2020


As the article gives two examples of patients who have developed an Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) amidst the pandemic of COVID-19, the doctors in Nepal Mental Hospital claim that the lockdown and the pandemic can lead to an increase in the rise of mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, OCD, etc.

A major cause of an increased rate in anxiety among people leads to being misinformed regarding the virus. WHO has acknowledged mental health as a real concern amidst the pandemic and has advised people to not spend time watching the news, listen to rumors and read misinformation regarding the pandemic.

Dr. Mita Rana, a clinical psychologist at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital claims that new stressors could arise due to the consequences of staying in a lockdown which could then manifest into a disorder.

According to the said doctors, it is the patients who are diagnosed with mental health problems who are in their most vulnerable to fall back into the relapse. Few psychologists and psychiatrists have offered counselling to those in need for it through an online portal or via telecommunication. The supply of psychiatric drug medications for some vulnerable patients have also been disrupted, and as per Dr. Phanindra Prasad Baral, chief of the Mental Health Section  at the Epidemiology and Disease Control Division, this can also be a major cause for patients to relapse.



SNo. 15

Title: Covid-19 and mental health

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Dr. Prabin Manandhar; April 5, 2020


Human beings are social beings that are not made for isolation, as we are facing an uncertain situation with an extended period of social isolation, Dr.Prabin Manandhar gives us proven ways to ensure our mental health during the time of physical distancing.

As of March 11, when The WHO declared the coronavirus outbreak as a global pandemic, we need time for developing a vaccine. So, the countries needed to help their people. One of the ways many countries are tackling is imposing lockdown and banning all non-essential travel. The physical distancing, travel restrictions and isolation may continue for some time given the current situation. These restrictions can impact people’s mental health leading them to stress, anxiety, sleep problems, alcohol relapse, domestic violence and other problems. So, the article gives us a way to tackle our problems.

Firstly, we need to ensure our own health by eating healthy, meditating, exercising and connecting with friends and family through social media. Young children and adolescents should be given a place to express their feelings and also teach them coping mechanisms. We need to think positive thoughts and remind ourselves that this situation is just temporary. Being updated on the date of the news is really necessary, however we need to limit watching news on the coverage of coronavirus that may cause us to be anxious or distressed. Also, we need to show solidarity by helping people in need.


Link: https://www.spotlightnepal.com/2020/04/05/covid-19-and-mental-health/

Themes: Lockdown, tips , Mental health

SNo. 16

Title: Psychosocial impacts of Covid-19 and ways to practice self-care

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Jeena Shrestha/ April 2nd 2020


Jeena Shrestha is a staff nurse at the Department of Psychiatry, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, who writes that the pandemic of Covid-19 can induce panic and stress on the people which can result in various anxiety producing disorders. Although social distancing is the only way to prevent the virus, she states that various researchers have found that staying in quarantine for a longer duration can make people feel isolated and lonely. The author mentions that a rise of PTSD can come through the end of the quarantine as per research conducted in various countries regarding the psychological effect post the quarantine. Human beings are social animals and crave social intimacy, which is why quarantine can lead people into feelings of isolation which can later resolve into depression. The author also mentions the misuse of alcohol during the quarantine which also leads to having a cognitive impact on people.

The author also mentions the most vulnerable group during the pandemic, i.e. the front line health care workers who are facing more stress due to the continuous long hour of working and the fear of catching the virus themselves.

In her concluding remarks, she mentions few tips on how to take care of oneself physically, mentally and emotionally.



SNo. 17

Title: Silver Linings of COVID-19 Outbreak for students 

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Monika Chhetri; April 18, 2020


Monika Chhetri, lecturer of Psychology at K and K International College and Kathmandu BernHardt College, writes about the number of tips for the students to utilize the time of being home-bound during this lockdown period and positively cope with this crisis. She lays out 10 tips for students to use their time productively. As the title of the post suggests, there is a positive side to every adverse event. It depends upon people’s perceptions and appraisal of the external events.


Link: https://edusanjal.com/blog/silver-linings-covid-19/

SNo. 18

Title: COVID-19 pandemic and mental health threat

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Dr Nabin Upadhyaya and Ms. Pratiksha Bhattarai , April 7, 2020


WHO, has given the guidelines for physical and psychological well being. At the foremost, as preventive and medical interventions are important we cannot neglect the psychological crisis. Psychological coping is essential which was mentioned by Dr. Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director of Europe. Pandemic is not just a medical phenomenon it also affects the individual and society in many aspects, mainly psychological, similarly, the highlights show that Covid-19 has added panic, stress, behavioral anxiety, sleep disturbances and overall perceived lower state of health. This can be a threat particularly for individuals with mental illness and for the vulnerable group.

Since the COVID-19 is relatively new it doesn’t not have enough scientific evidence that has direct effects on mental health but as we go through history we can see that when infections are at peak there occur depressions. Since the disease has caused alterations in millions of lives and a national, multi-level,  there should be a stress-coping-adjustment process. As we isolate ourselves, there has been an increase in psychological troubles, the anxiety and fear of getting infected, worried about loved ones and absence of definitive treatment is increasing. Contamination Obsession with washing, cleaning and sanitizing, all may increase sensitivity of panic and destabilize the population. There should be given concern as it is going to create a threat in coming days which has been overlooked.

Governments should recognize the seriousness of mental health. On an individual level, we need to focus on our actions that are in control. We need to recognize what we are actually feeling and feel okay to express. Learning how to witness and letting go through feelings which come and go without feeling overwhelmed. We need to also maintain activities, a healthy routine and set limits on news and social media.


Link: https://www.peoplesreview.com.np/2020/04/07/covid-19-pandemic-and-mental-health-threat/

SNo. 19

Title: COVID-19 trauma: Need to prioritize mental health

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Man Bahadur Thing/ April 2nd 2020


The hard time of social-distancing and quarantine which is the only cure available for the pandemic also invites mental health stress to people and especially to the ones who are already ongoing with a psychological issue. Epidemiologist Dr. Sandro Galea claims from his [previous study in 1004 regarding SARS control and The Psychological Effects of Quarantine that quarantined people still have to contend with its mental health effects in the long term with distresses such as depression, anxiety and PTSD.

Amidst the quarantine it is important to prioritize one’s mental health. False information regarding the pandemic on social media should be avoided and at times like this, it is especially very important to use the social media platform in a cautious manner.

The author suggests that authorities be cautious and give attention to the mental health of the people and share proper communication to the public on what is happening and why and the preventive measures to take amidst such a crisis.


Link: http://english.lokaantar.com/articles/covid-19-trauma-need-prioritize-mental-health/

SNo. 20

Title: Nepal takes steps to prepare for covid-19

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Brabim Karki; March 9, 2020


The article gives us a brief history of the coronavirus cases as of March 9, 2020. Similarly, the actions that were taken like cancelling on-arrival visa and others. As the WHO raised the global risk from “high” to “very high”, the Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal was carefully screening passengers at the international airport, the health workers were working in three shifts. Which does not only cause them excessive loads, it also causes them a mental load. There was a psychological fear among tourists in Nepal, the tourists were getting ready  to leave Nepal and go to their homelands as they said that they would have better opportunity and help and more pleasant back at home.


Link: https://thediplomat.com/2020/03/nepal-takes-steps-to-prepare-for-covid-19/

SNo. 21

Title: COVID-19 Frontline Healthcare workers at risk of mental health problems

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Janaki Dhami/ 29th March 2020


The most vulnerable group of people who will be affected with extreme mental stress during this pandemic are the frontline health care workers who are working tirelessly in extreme stress to cure the patients affected from the virus. They have the fear of getting contaminated and spreading the infection to their family and friends, and to make matters worse, they are also at risk of a stigma and discrimination in the society. They are prone to experiencing high levels of stress and anxiety which can subsequently lead to a depression in the long run.

The article further concludes on staying informed from reliable sources about the pandemic to avoid any further mental stress to people who are stuck in the lockdown and mentions the role of psychiatric nurses in treating the patients affected from the virus.


Link: http://english.ratopati.com/story/12239

SNo. 22

Title: Psychosocial Control of COVID-19

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Usha Kiran Subba/ april 8,2020


Jon Jachimowicz, a professor of organizational behavior at Harvard Business School says that “A lot of challenges we are facing right now are behavioral challenges”. The extension of the pandemic spread very directly depends on the behavior the individuals are portraying to mitigate its extreme spread. Behavioral science has a crucial role to play in this matter.

WHO, CDC and Public Health England suggests that there are at least 13 important behaviors at play to reduce the transmission of the virus. The importance of each virus differs from nation to nation, depending on the context of the spread of the virus. Behavioral scientists, psychologists, neuroscientists around the world are working in speed to identify the behavioral challenges and evidence-based solutions to fight such challenges and battle the virus itself.


Link: https://thehimalayantimes.com/opinion/psychosocial-control-of-covid-19/

SNo. 23

Title: Nepal’s Mental Health Mess

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Arun Poudel ; February 21, 2020


“Without a reliable professional body regulating mental health professionals, we cannot ensure the quality of the services they provide,” says Dr. Mita Rana, a clinical psychologist and associate professor at IOM’s Department of Psychology and Mental Health. For every 100000 people there are roughly 0.22 psychiatrists and 0.06 psychologists, so 90 percentage of Nepali people with mental health do not get professional help. The articles then move forward to numerous stories of lack of professional mental health and the need for different people.

Nepal only provides limited counselling courses and no qualified regulatory body to look after. IOM provides MPhil in clinical psychology and TU’s Central Department of Psychology provides master’s degrees, and the certified courses are limited. Some non-governmental organizations provide season and tailor made programs but the programs are quite skeptical. The country with 30 million has only over 30 clinical psychologists.

So why are there fewer counselling psychologists when the need is exceedingly large. Firstly, the pay is low, where other doctors may only spend a few minutes with the patients, but clinical psychologists have to spend hours. Despite the pay we cannot neglect the need for professionals. The need for professional help rose after the earthquake of 2015 and the first conference on mental health was held in February 2018. National Mental Health Survey project is expected to give a ‘clear national picture of the prevalence of mental disorder and unmet need for services’.

The article then mentions various stats; only 1 percent of the total healthcare budget is spending on mental health, where it is concentrated on big cities. Estimated 1.5 beds per 100,000 people across the country for mental health patients, and other informative statistics. Lastly, the article has provided a list and numbers of psychological support for those with mental problems.



SNo. 24

Title: मानसिक स्वास्थ्य हाम्रो मानसिकता

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: मुना कार्की; प्रकाशित मिति: आईतबार, वैशाख १४, २०७७,


This article gives a general overview of the mental health situation in the situation. She starts by sharing her own experience of seeing a doctor for her anxiety problems. As she went on to study psychology, it helped her to identify her problem and seek professional support which helped her to get rid of the anxiety after several years. People usually have a perception that if somebody has a mental health problem, then a person is crazy. By profession, she is a teacher in a community-managed school. She has seen many cases where students drop out of problems such as conversion disorders. She describes the misconceptions prevalent in our society around it.

People with mental health problems hide them due to the social stigma even if they are educated. The lack of health services in villages also make it difficult for people to get proper treatment, so they need to rely on traditional healing. The government has now come up with some relief packages for mental health such as free medicine and expense coverage. Government even has a policy that one nurse per school, so, there should be a policy of at least one counselor per school. The school curriculum also needs to have education related to mental health.


Link: https://www.setopati.com/blog/204826

SNo. 25

Title: कोरोनाभाइरसः मानसिक स्वास्थ्य ख्याल गर्नेबारे मनोचिकित्साविद्को सुझाव यस्तो छ

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: BBC, २९ मार्च २०२०


This is a weekly section called BBC Bahash in BBC News Service presented by Gani Ansari. He talks about mental health and its impact among the public following the lockdown and people can cope in such situations, he interviews Dr. Arun Kunwar, child psychiatrist and Narmada Devkota, clinical psychologist. This is a brief news story containing key points that came up during the discussion. They mainly talk about various ways of stress management and which group of people are more vulnerable in such situations. They also advise upon media distancing and not to check news too often to the point it begins to create unnecessary stress.


Link: https://www.bbc.com/nepali/news-52063546

SNo. 26

Title: School mental health: Factors behind growing psychological problem in children in Nepal

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Trishna Ghosh Bista, April 13, 2020


Education system in Nepal is theoretically based rather than practically, it has numerous mental pressures created on children which also goes on molding the personality development. Many students fall prey for societal demand, teaching students to complete in an unhealthy manner saying “it is not good to fail”. Additionally, children come for help regarding their mental issues moreover, schools play a pivotal role in them like physical and verbal abuse from the teacher, teachers partiality, below average performance etc.

We see children carrying bags heavier than themselves, and having 9 to 5 classes with a burden of homework beyond their capabilities to compete in an up going society. This not only hinders their creativity but also a burden to parents, who end up helping the kid. Moreover, it is more troublesome for parents who are not educated. School also allotted a time of 45 minutes’ class, where an average attention span of a child is approximately 15 minutes, so how effective are the sessions? The whole education system, that is the parents, teachers and the concerned authorities are to be blamed for psychological problems in children. It is also sad to see no provisions for children suffering from learning disabilities.


Link: https://en.reportersnepal.com/school-mental-health-children/

SNo. 27

Title: COVID-19 to have a ‘Profound’ Mental Health Fallout

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: April 15th 2020


Previous studies done on the mental health impact of epidemic outbreak like SARS in the early 2000s showed an increase in the suicide rate and emotional distresses but the surveys on the pandemic of COVID-19 shows a considerable impat on mental health. In a survey conducted among 3,000 people in Britain, it showed a wide range of fear arising from the pandemic and experts claim that the mental health symptoms that arise from social isolation to have a long-term and profound effect on people.


Link: https://www.nepal24hours.com/covid-19-to-have-profound-mental-health-fallout/

SNo. 28

Title: Nepalis mentally sound in the face of Covid-19: Survey

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: By a Staff Reporter of Rising Nepal; April 17, 2020


The article was written when the cases of COVID-19  rose to double digits , however a survey conducted  by the Transcultural Psychosocial Organization (TPO) Nepal among 1507 respondents showed that Nepalese are a large mentally sound, despite the uncertain situations. The respondents responded as not always to issues such as restlessness, fearfulness, anxiety and sadness. The issues were indicated as sometimes showing that people are starting to suffer but not at an extreme level, but is taking a toll on people’s psychological state and needs to be addressed before it worsens.


Link: https://risingnepaldaily.com/main-news/nepalis-mentally-sound-in-the-face-of-covid-19-survey

SNo. 29

Title: Social unrest amidst Covid-19

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Nasala Maharjan; April 3, 2020


This feature starts with two key examples of recent social events which severely affected the public by the action of police and lack of government’s progressive action on hospitals which denied services to the public. She stresses on the lack of public’s confidence in the government that it would take care of its citizens. There is a growing anxiety among the public due to inefficient government mechanisms to tackle the crisis. The lockdown was enforced and the economic activities came to a halt. The news of corruption in procurement of health-related materials raised the question of the government once again and the PM’s lip service to intolerance against corruption. The news media has also contributed to stress and anxiety. The writer urges the government to come up with concrete plans of action to respond and assure the public on time.


Link: https://nepaleconomicforum.org/neftake/social-unrest-amidst-covid-19/

SNo. 30

Title: बन्दाबन्दीमा किशोर/किशोरीको मानसिक स्वास्थ्य

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: आइतबार, २१ बैशाख २०७७, ०९ : ०५ |  तारा अधिकारी


She writes about the impact of lockdown on adolescent mental health. This issue has been so much discussed in the media according to her. But the changes that adolescents are going through put them in stressful situations, so parents and guardians have an important role to play in supporting them. She concludes the piece by highlighting the points why we need to take adolescent mental health seriously.


Link: https://nagariknews.nagariknetwork.com/news/128372/

SNo. 31

Title: Quarantine People can suffer mental health problems

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Sabitri Dhakal ; May 2, 2020


With the recent case of a youth who committed suicide in Udaypur on April 30 after returning from quarantine, experts say people living in quarantine can suffer mental health. There are currently 22,978 people in quarantine and people can be stressed regarding their duties and responsibilities while being far away. There is stigmatization and discrimination that can be faced when people go back after quarantine or treatment. In addition to the uncertain situation, when people have psychological stress there are chances of committing suicide.

The quarantine centers may not have enough services, like not having adequate nets may lead to fear of contracting malaria, also children and pregnant women may face difficulties impacting their mental health. People may lead towards substance abuse and worsen chronic health problems due to the stress. Staying away from loved ones, in a quarantine can lead to fear of isolation leading to poor sleep, depressive symptoms and difficulty in managing the emotions, doctors say so.

With the problems of mental health arising, Dr. Ojha, suggests few actions that would help cope with the stress. Like practicing yoga, avoiding negative news, being in contact, keeping oneself active, seeking help if necessary. In addition, Dr. Karki mentions that there should be mental health workers assigned to quarantine facilities.  The EDEC has drafted a framework addressing mental health, also MHPSS has designed a preparedness to integrate mental health services in response to the government. However, the Ministry of Health and population is yet to endorse it.


Link: https://thehimalayantimes.com/nepal/quarantined-people-can-suffer-mental-health-problems/

SNo. 32

Title: तनाव, घरेलु हिंसा र कोभिड१९

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Jaksana Karki and Gopal Bohra, Baishakh 18


As the lockdown has been implemented there has been an increased number of searches on domestic violence. The number of cases have risen and is challenging during a lockdown, where older and disabled women are more in crisis. The article focuses on the effects of domestic violence on mental health and increase in anxiety, depression, schizophrenia. In addition, when women use drugs, they abuse their children. The article then explains us the causes and the reality of violent women, some stress could include, geographical isolation, pregnancy, age, unemployment, etc. The reality of women facing is not easy as giving solutions to it, as we live in a society where we are scared if that prestige vanishes, moreover, most women don’t have financial security and solely depend on the abuser. Then the article briefly summarizes us about different theories of violence. The violence begins with stress, abuse and beating but eventually repentance and love. The article then tells us about the cycle of violence, which starts from reconciliation, the stages of stress, violence then the crisis phase and continuation of the cycle.

The psychological element in women who are in a violent relationship include, men unable to express their emotions, unrealistic expectations from wife, no self-control, alcohol and drug abuse. Gives us detailed information of the symptoms of the violent relationship and the illusion of violence, some of it are “beating or violence is a family affair”, making excuses of alcohol. Violence is a kind of epidemic where there is emotional and economic damage, where various support systems need the help of family, friends, psychologists, local police with secure plan and seek help from trusted ones.


Link: https://swasthyakhabar.com/story/32085

SNo. 33

Title: कोरोनाले निम्त्याएको डरको मनोविज्ञान

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Tara Adhikari/ April 23, 2020


The increasing rise in the cases of the pandemic in Nepal has also given rise to fear amongst people, which is quite natural in itself. We are more prone to misinformation and rumors in such times of distress which is why it is very important to be aware of the toll it might take on our mental health.

Fear with the virus can emerge through different platforms. One being social media. Social media can evoke fear while also can be a medium for people to relieve their stress and anxiety and showcase one’s creative side. A study conducted by ShareCast Initiative in Nepal was asked on how the virus would spread in Nepal. There were four responses cited: 28% said due to the open border that Nepal shares with India, 28% said due to no effective testing of the returnees, 24% said due to no or low testing facilities available and 22% said there were many people returning to their homes. The survey also shows that many people are skeptical about the testing facilities and equipment for which the nation lacks.

People have also developed a distrust towards the government, which is not only evident in our nation but even in the developed countries due to the fear and confusion of the virus. The corruption with the healthcare system and how responsible is the government in handling the situation are some of the issues of trust the citizens have with their government.

As important as it is to take care of our physical health in a situation as this, it is also equally important to take care of one’s mental health when people are forced into self-isolation with an uncertain hope of life getting back to the normal again.


Link: https://nayapatrikadaily.com/news-details/41917/2020-04-23

SNo. 34

Title: फुर्सदमा पनि तनाव ? – Online Khabar

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: गोपाल ढकाल (मनोविद्) २०७७ वैशाख १२ गते १८:२९ मा प्रकाशित


Psychologist Gopal Dhakal talks about the boredom during leisure in lockdown. As lockdown extends indefinitely due to the coronavirus public health crisis, he talks about the need for proper time management. For people, engaged in their regular business and with mobility outdoors, this lockdown and restrictions on movement have caused the stress. This lockdown has also provided us an opportunity for leisure and doing what we love doing.


Link: https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2020/04/857969

SNo. 35

Title: स्वास्थ्यकर्मीलाई हतोत्साही नबनाऔं

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Prem Narayan Bhusal; विहीबार, चैत २०, २०७६


The government should fulfill its responsibility to protect its frontline healthcare professionals. The lack of safety equipment for themselves and inadequate resources will downplay their morale for service at this critical time of pandemics when peoples’ lives are at stake. The limited testing capacity of the laboratories is increasing the fear among them as the results are coming after the patients pass away. They might be fearful to see the patients for the sake of their own safety. The frontline workers in health sector, security personnel, and media personnel should provided psychological first aid as per the need with the support of the government. The author then talks about the psychological first aid, its definition, process and how it helps.


Link: https://www.himalkhabar.com/news/112786

SNo. 36

Title: COVID-19: ‘TU psychologist makes several false claims in a popular Youtube interview’

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Sanjog Shiwakoti/ April 21,2020


On april 14, 2020, the Youtube channel for HimalOnline TV uploaded an interview with Nabin Joshi, who is referred to as a psychologist from Tribhuvan University. Joshi speaks in length about COVID-19 and makes several claims which have proven to have factual mistakes. South Asia check has reviewed eight of his claims.

In his first claim he states that 25,000 to 56,000 people die each year from influenza like illnesses which as per the reports published and reviewed by WHO and CDC contradicts his statement and therefore falsifies it.

For his second claim, Joshi presented a graph that was taken by Bloomberg News in which his analysis contradicts the analysis actually put up by the graph and report from Bloomberg which led him to give misleading information.

For his third claim, he states that WHO has not used a recognized PCR kit after its invention 27 years ago but rather everyone is using the kit now. However, the kit has been used for many other purposes as directed by WHO for investigating the SARS patients and also in the context of Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System (GISRS).

In his fourth claim, Joshi states that WHO named the virus as a pandemic on January 8, where his entire statement is false. It was only on March 11, 2020 that WHO declared COVID-19 as a pandemic.

In his fifth claim he reported that in 2011, the European Union declared the WHO was a robber organization, however, no such reports can be found on the internet or on any other media outlet.

In his sixth claim he states that wearing masks is meaningless and it does not protect us. An interim guidance which was published by WHO on January 29, 2020 stated that “Wearing a medical mask is one of the prevention measures to limit spread of certain respiratory diseases, including 2019-nCoV, in affected areas’’. CDC has also stated that wearing a cloth or a mask can help prevent the spread of COVID-19 to some extent, thus proving Joshi’s statement as a false claim.

In his seventh claim, he states that ten million people died from the Spanish Flu of 1918-1919.  HIs numbers here were wrong too as the report published by CDC stated that at an estimated 50 million people had died.

For his final and eighth claim, he states that the mortality rate for swine flu and bird flu was very high and for the current virus is 0.1%. However, an article published by WHO states that the fatality rate has been less than 0.5% and the report published by CDC on the mortality rate by bird flu is also much higher than what Joshi had claimed, thus again falsifying his statement.


Link: http://southasiacheck.org/fact-check/covid-19-tu-psychologist-makes-several-false-claims-in-a-popular-youtube-interview/

Nepali version: http://southasiacheck.org/np/?p=5475

SNo. 37

Title: Nepal’s Muslims face stigma after Covid-19 tests

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Alisha Sijapati; May 4, 2020


As the spread of corona virus increases in Nepal, some of the members of the Muslim community are infected by the disease which has started the stigmatization. In addition, majority of Nepalese watch Hindi Television, and the media is scapegoating Muslims for the spread of the virus there. Majority of the cases are from Udaypur, where Najbul Nilam Khan, a rights activist tells us that people try to avoid and keep distance from the Muslims. In Nepal and India, Muslims in particular are being stigmatized mainly because of the tv networks stereotyping them. There are facts and then there are rumors, but spreading misinformation stigmatizes the entire community. The article tells us stories of different Muslims during the festival of Ramzan and the stigmatization they are facing due to covid-19.


Link: https://www.nepalitimes.com/banner/nepals-muslims-face-stigma-after-covid-19-tests/

SNo. 38

Title: Stigma against health workers, patients and area locals continues in Covid-19 hotspots

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Arjun Poudel/ May 1st 2020


Udaypur has emerged as the hotspot for the most number of COVID-19 cases in Nepal and for which a team of Health workers from the Health Ministry and Epidemiology and Disease Control Division were deployed to contact tracing of all those who had been infected. However, the health care workers have reported a stigmatization and discrimination towards them from the locals as they were denied accomodation and food.

The pandemic has caused a halt on every individual’s life and has also given rise to prejudice and stigmatization which is going to have a long-term effect on the livelihood of people who have recovered from the disease or towards people who come from the affected areas. The second COVID patient of Nepal had reported of receiving hate emails after her case made it to the public. It has also given rise to prejudices amongst Muslim communitty after a large number of cases were detected from individuals living in the Mosque.

It is quite evident that the pandemic can cause confusion, fear and anxiety amongst people and even have a long-term effect on their mental health post the virus, however, it is not an excuse to discriminate and be racist to one another. The author correctly suggests that the government of every country give away correct facts and to make sure no factors as such arise to give rise to harmful stereotypes.

It is very important to control the stigmatization of the pandemic as it affects one physically and mentally and can cost a person their life. A patient with the symptoms can avoid getting the proper health care required due to the fear of stigmatization and discrimination attached to the virus. Hence, it is very important to be kind and nice to one another in a stressful time like this.


Link: https://kathmandupost.com/national/2020/05/01/stigma-against-health-workers-patients-and-area-locals-continues-in-covid-19-hotspots

SNo. 39

Title: कोरोनाको चपेटामा बालबालिका

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Raju Ghimire/ April 24, 2020


When an epidemic and pandemic strats, the worst hit are the weakest members of any society. Children are one of the most vulnerable groups in the society to be affected by the pandemic. The matter of concern is not only the education of the children while in lockdown but also the psycho-social effect on them.

Amidst the lockdown, when the entire nation is supposed to stay home and maintain social distancing, it is also the time when several child rights violations take place and go unnoticed and unreported. There was a case that was thankfully reported about a rape of a young girl by her family members. This is only few of the cases which have been brought to notice while many other violations against children are still yet to come out. This affects the child mentally and physically.

Children have also become restless of staying in the same environment for almost two months without any proper physical activity. This affects a negative mood and behavior amongst the children and henceforth, affects their psycho-social condition.

It is during a time such as this that the parents should follow a newer approach to their parenting techniques and check up on their children, talk and listen to them, engage them in newer creative ideas. Government should also strengthen the child protection program after the lockdown for abused children and provide them with a proper rescue and rehabilitation program.


Link: https://nepallive.com/story/216130

SNo. 40

Title: Supreme Court Issue Interim Order To Rescue Migrant Workers At Risk

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:NEW SPOTLIGHT ONLINE;April 17, 2020


As Nepali workers contribute to the country’s economy by working abroad, it has been a difficult situation for them to head abc home as the government issued a nationwide lockdown on March 24 after the world was hit with the COVID-19 pandemic. The Supreme Court of Nepal has then issued an interim order in the name of the Government to rescue Nepalis who are in a very vulnerable and critical situation abroad. The apex court has requested the government to prepare an immediate report on the health care of the migrants as they lie in a very unsafe and unhealthy situation in the worldwide pandemic. It is an immediate responsibility of the government to address the health and security of its citizens.


Link: https://www.spotlightnepal.com/2020/04/17/supreme-court-issue-interim-order-rescue-migrant-workers-risk/

SNo. 41

Title: लकडाउन अवधिमा सय ९२ जनाको आत्महत्या : सबैभन्दा धेरै प्रदेश नम्बर मा

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Pahilopost; 7th May, 2020


As the lockdown measures were implemented in the country, the number of suicide cases have increased in the past one and half months. DIG Niraj Shahi, spokesperson of the Nepal police said that most of the suicides were due to mental stress and financial situation. The article gives us the number of people who suicided in the last few years and the spike in recent months. Some other cases of suicide were committed due to domestic problems.


Link https://pahilopost.com/content/20200507073156.html

SNo. 42

Title: मानसिक स्वास्थ्यको ख्याल गरौं, सामाजिक सञ्जालबाट टाढै बसौं

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Dr. Ritesh Thapa/ April 29,2020


With the lockdown extending for more than a month now, the fear and anxiety is gradually increasing too. Dr. Ritesh mentions how some people have called him describing they may have all the symptoms of the virus, but not the fever. He describes this type of behavior as coronary anxiety.

It is also very necessary to keep the elderly and children of the family informed about the situation and how to handle it as they are the ones to have more confusion towards what is happening and why social distancing is important. Psychiatric medications amongst people have increased too as the fear and anxiety have increased.

The people in Nepal who are mostly affected by the lockdown period are the migrant workers and labourers who are walking back to their homes because they have no income left and the food they currently have are running out too. It is an important step for the government to have them provided with food rations and medications. However, the citizens of the nation are seen to be helping the workers by donating food and water supplies.

Dr. Ritesh mentions an essential statement to not just see corona as a virus but also in terms of psychosocial, economic and political aspects. The lockdown imposed is a policy for us and the nation to have a quick recovery from the pandemic for life to go back on the track of normality.


Link: https://baahrakhari.com/news-details/257509/2020-04-29

SNo. 43

Title: बहुपक्षीय मनोसामाजिक तथा मानसिक असर

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:विपन शाह बिहिबार, वैशाख , २०७७, ०७:२५:००; April


Psychosocial counselor Bipan Shah writes about the different aspects of psychosocial problems caused by the prolonged lockdown to control the pandemic by the government. She highlights women’s issues and how they could be more vulnerable during these times. Young girls and women can be sexaully harassed at homes or cyber space and they could be at risk of even trafficking in worst case scenarios. She elaborates different kinds of symptoms and behavioral changes that can be noticed due to psychosocial problems and how to manage them.


Link: http://www.cinkhabar.com/blogbichar/1060

SNo. 44

Title: मथिंगल हल्लिएको छ !

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: सन्जिना ढुंगाना; २०७७ बैशाख बुधबार; April


This article is autobiographical in nature. Counselor Sanjina writes in 4 parts and recollects a few cases she has helped recently after announcing to provide free remote psychological counseling services along with a group of her friends. Then she goes on to talk about her own experiences and fear in the current crisis. She clarifies how professionals are affected by her clients and their problems, she associates those with her own life and people she loves like her daughter, parents and other significant people. This article is different from those usually appearing in the media, writers often talk about others’ experiences and then provide some advice on how to manage the situation or deal with the problems. In this, she writes about herself and her experiences but from a professional perspective. She initially hesitated to write this with the fear of judgement on her professional competency but decided to write it honestly as professionals are also normal human beings who are equally affected like others, they also react in a similar manner in response to these kinds of situations. She provides an honest account how she overcame her fear which has helped her to be more cautious and strong.


Link: https://www.nayapatrikadaily.com/news-details/41249/2020-04-15

SNo. 45

Title: महामारीका बेला कसरी तनावमुक्त बस्ने ?

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Padam Raj Joshi;  २० चैत २०७६ १०:१४:००; March


Psychologist Padam Raj Joshi writes about stress and its management during pandemics. He explains about stress, how this was first highlighted by the works of Hans Selye who studied stress reactions in rats in 1930s; Stress can be either positive or negative; eustress and distress respectively. Psychologists have found three primary sources of stress according to him, 1. Environmental stressors (Marco systems related), 2. Work-place related and 3. Personal life related. Then, he talks about stress reactions and its impact on our body from the physiological perspective, He explains different kinds of reactions in response to stress, various psychosocial effects and how one can help himself or himself and the family to manage it.


Link: http://annapurnapost.com/news/152052

SNo. 46

Title: Lockdown casts a long shadow on people’s mental health: Nationwide survey

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Republica/ May 8,2020


A study was conducted from April 23 to May 3 with a sample size of 2,082 from all across Nepal, which showed that 18% of the respondents suffered from restlessness, another 18% experienced fearfulness while the other 37% suffered from anxiety and worry. Furthermore, some 29% experienced sadness most of the time in the last two weeks.

The research also reported that 50% of the respondents suffered from at least one psychosocial problem while 32% suffered from one or more psychosocial problems such as restlessness, anxiety, worry and stress.

The study has shown that immediate action must be taken to mitigate the psychosocial problems that have been arising during the lockdown period. The study was conducted by 6 Nepali researches under the leadership of Ramesh Prasad Adhikari and had received technical support from Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal (TPO Nepal).


Link: https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/news/lockdown-casts-a-long-shadow-on-people-s-mental-health-nationwide-survey/

SNo. 47

Title: For an already vulnerable queer community, the lockdown could make things worse

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Monica Khanal; May 10, 2020


Transgender are one of the most vulnerable groups that are affected by the lockdowns. The article tells us about a series of real life situations of the vulnerable group that is facing problems because of the lockdown. As most of the transgender individual goes through gender reassignment surgery and need hormone shots but they cannot get the shots due to the lockdown as only medical emergency are available. Most LGBTQ communities have compromised with their physical and mental health because of increased stigmatization and being locked in unsafe domestic spaces which abandoned them after coming. Trans individuals who mostly work in the entertainment community, have been forced to leave and go to their hometowns where they are generally not welcomed for differing identities. A study has shown that the level of domestic violence is in the same level or even higher for same-sex relationship.

With mental health already being an issue for the community where they visit regular safe spaces and conversation, this has been limited after the lockdown. Pahichan an organization has come up with ways to provide support virtually or via phone but the support has been limited by various organizations.  The lockdown has an impact on the physical, mental and emotional health of the community.


Link: https://kathmandupost.com/national/2020/05/10/for-an-already-vulnerable-queer-community-the-lockdown-could-make-things-worse

SNo. 48

Title: For Nepali women, rampant objectification and sexualisation on the internet

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Aditi Aryal/ May 7, 2020


Post the Boy’s Locker Room incident surfaced in India, the same incident has been found prevailing amongst Nepali men and women. Women have found their pictures being solicited and shared without permission in subreddit by men where they are openly objectifying women and glorifying rape culture.

Nepal’s law does not provide any specific provision for non consensual spread of private photographs. Lawyer Rita Baramu says “Since the element of consent is missing from this section, the women who have found their photos on the internet will be criminalised by the institution that exists to protect their rights because they could be framed for producing obscene content”.

Women are put on a pedestal when they are doubly victimised for the misuse of private photographs and are shamed for taking and putting the photograph in the first place. It seems that for women the battle to take down such accounts and hold the perpetrators responsible is going to be a lengthy one while the one behind such accounts don’t feel any remorse towards their actions and are instead victim blaming the women.


Link: https://kathmandupost.com/national/2020/05/07/for-nepali-women-rampant-objectification-and-sexualisation-on-the-internet

SNo. 49

Title: Prolonged Lockdown can have a lasting impact on children’s mental wellbeing, psychologists say.

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Arjun Poudel; May 12, 2020


The article gives us a brief incident of children not being able to cope up during the periods of lockdown with almost nil physical activity that has made it stressful for everyone and children have been hit the hardest, where the children’s physical and mental wellbeing has a lasting impact. According to doctors, children could display different behavior due to mental stress and in some cases they might need immediate attention. Moreover, some children are more vulnerable to mental stress due to their challenging home environment.

School is a great platform for children to socialize and play outdoors however, lack of such activities can lead to mental health conditions. Since the pandemic is taking a toll on people of all age groups, in many households, children might fail to get the required attention from their stressed parents as well. In addition, parents should also prioritize looking after their own mental health.

Tips are being given like paying attention to their children, talking to them, doing indoor activities and gardening, creative activities and good sleep are some of the ways. Dr Arun Raj Kunwar, a child psychiatrist serving at Kanti Children’s Hospital, tells us that children should be given an environment where they feel comfortable rather than constricted, adults must be calm first as children often act quickly and show aggressive behavior.


Link: https://kathmandupost.com/health/2020/05/12/prolonged-lockdown-can-have-a-lasting-impact-on-children-s-mental-wellbeing-psychologists-say

SNo. 50

Title: लकडाउनकै अवधिमा कञ्चनपुरमा १८ जनाद्वारा आत्महत्या

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:मोहन विष्ट;२०७७ जेठ सोमबार १९:१०:००; May


In the district of Kanchanpur, since the lockdown begain in the last week of March, 18 persons (7 men and 11 women) have completed suicide. This data comes from the district police office which states that 18 persons were dead due to suicide and two women had attempted to end their own lives. Since the lockdown started every 3 days, 1 person has committed suicide. They have died by taking poison and hanging. The reason for suicide range from from a minor issue of accusation of stealing apple to a tragedy in a romantic relationship.


Link: https://www.nayapatrikadaily.com/news-details/43596/2020-05-18

SNo. 51

Title: Man jumps off the roof to avoid quarantine

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Rishi Baral/ May 12,2020


A 23-year-old youth from Pokhara fled from his rented house upon seeing police and locals coming to escort him to the quarantine facility. Abhishek Basnet had come from Karnataka, India, 12 days prior on foot after he lost his job due to the lockdown in India as well. Luckily enough, he didn’t have major injury as he jumped off from the roof of a three-storey building. His swabs have been collected and the police have reported to let him go only if he tests negative.

Despite the lockdown and the border between India and Nepal being sealed, it is a major concern on how people are still being able to cross the border as the number of cases rise in both the nations respectively. The police are ongoing an investigation on Basnet’s travel history.


Link: https://thehimalayantimes.com/nepal/man-jumps-off-roof-to-avoid-quarantine/

SNo. 52

Title: COVID-19 may magnify suicide rates

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: DR. Shyam P Lohani; 10 may,2020


As the pandemic increase, there is a increase of suicide, it was also seen in the trends of other pandemics too. Moreover, it was projected that in 2020, suicide accounts for one death every 20 seconds and largely affects the middle and low income countries, however, the effects of pandemic hadn’t been noted here. During the lockdown period in Nepal, there is a figure of 11-person suicide every day. At the same time, the lockdown is effecting on the economic activities which could make people at home and abroad lose their jobs, so employment and financial hardship can be recognized as a risk factor for suicide. In addition, physical distancing could give rise to a number of mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression, etc. and people with psychiatric illness are most vulnerable to mental illness as well as frontline health workers. There can be an increase of substance abuse and domestic violence as people are confined into spaces which could rise the risk of suicide.

The article then briefs us about the preventive measures and strategies for reducing suicide, like the problem of unemployment is that government should plan and develop financial safety specially to those who are jobless. Educational institutions can plan curriculums to reduce their anxious students about their prospects. Also there should be strategies to reduce substance abuse and support people who face domestic violence. Moreover, suicide can be lowered in relation to access of means where toxic pesticides and illicit drugs to be banned and the role of media to not disclose the name of poison used in suicide cases. Instead, the media could cover help and support websites and hotlines available , and increases in these types of facilities. The professionals need to be trained to identify people who are most vulnerable and provide support.


Link: https://risingnepaldaily.com/opinion/covid-19-may-magnify-suicide-rates

SNo. 53

Title: Man commits suicide at a quarantine facility in Udaypur

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Maheshwor Chamling Rai/ May 1, 2020


A young 18-year-old man was found hanging from a rope in his quarantine facility in the local Rauta Janata Campus in Rajabas on Friday morning. His wife had found him hanging on the ceiling with a rope around his neck and had informed the local administration.

It is reported that he could not cope up with the feeling of isolation at his quarantine facility amidst the outbreak of COVID-19. The police have been investigating the incident further. There has been a rise in mental health illnesses and feelings of isolation as the country has gone under a nation-wide lockdown to control the spread of COVID-19. It is at a time like this when one should prioritize their mental health along with their physical health.


Link: https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/news/man-commits-suicide-at-quarantine-facility-in-udayapur/

SNo. 54

Title: लकडाउनले बढायो मानसिक छटपटी, मनोचिकित्सक भन्छन्आत्तिनु पर्दैन

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: सन्त गाहा मगर; २०७७ जेठ , May


The writer presents some cases of persons suffering from symptoms of anxiety due to the lockdown. He starts with a story of a migrant worker who is anxious due to the lockdown and stressful workplace conditions. He elaborates on other mental health related problems people from other backgrounds such as businessman, police, nepali residing abroad, etc. He quotes some mental health professionals to explain why the problems are increasing and what could be the remedy for it.


Link: https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2020/05/864787

SNo. 55

Title: Suicide cases remain a challenge for law enforcement agency even during lockdown

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Shuvam Dhungana; April 16, 2020


When other crimes decreased, suicide in the country increased drastically. Out of 702 cases, 198 cases were concerned suicidal deaths during the first two weeks of the lockdown. Average across was at 14 and since the lockdown the suicide case was 12 odd suicide cases daily. “Loneliness, depression and stress are bound to consume a person with mental illness when they are confined within the walls of their home. And since they cannot reach out to their counselors and friends during this period, there is a high chance of them becoming emotionally volatile,” Police Umesh Raj Joshi, spokesperson for the Nepal police told the post. Consultant psychiatrist Prabhakar Pokharel fears the Covid-19 pandemic could drive many people to depression and suicide risk.  People have started becoming hopeless, because of the uncertainty and great deals of loans and no means to pay the loans which increases the risk of stress and depression and suggests that the government should come with financial safety to help people.


Link: https://kathmandupost.com/national/2020/04/16/suicide-cases-remain-a-challenge-for-law-enforcement-agency-even-duirng-lockdown

SNo. 56

Title: Mental effects of lockdown on children a matter of growing concern among parents

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Sabitri Dhakal/ April 12, 2020


As the nationwide lockdown increases, it also increases the toll of mental pressure on people whose daily structure of life is disrupted. Mental Health of the children have been of grave concern for the parents as they are stuck at home without the proper understanding of why the pandemic is happening.

When the children are missing out on socialising with their friends in school, children are seen spending more time on electronic gadgets and the internet which makes them prone to the vulnerability of mental health problems. Although there have been online classes conducted from schools, it is not the same as actually going to school. Parents have shown grave concern with some of their kids showing extreme tantrums and rage when their gadgets are taken away from them.

The SEE exam had also been postponed by the government and students have stated that they don’t feel like studying anymore due to the uncertainty and would rather prefer being alone. The isolation could be a serious issue.

The net addiction amongst the children’s mental health is a major concern for the parents as this could be susceptible for children to get online harassment and bullying. Dr. Neena Rai, an associate professor at Department of Psychology, KIST Medical College and Chirayu Hospital suggest the parents create a timetable for the children to use the internet and set another hour for creative activities to keep them preoccupied.



SNo. 57

Title: परदेशमा चिन्ता नलिनुस्, सुरक्षित रहनुहोस्, ज्यानलाई आराम दिनुहोस्

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: चैत २७, २०७६ बिहिबार १३::५८ | करुणा कुँवर; April


The author emphasizes on the need to maintain positive thinking to deal with this unexpected crisis. This is written especially for the migrant workers who are aboard away from the families in Nepal. There are many people who are waiting to come back home or trying to go abroad for work, many have even taken loans for work abroad. The family can be big social support during times like these. The health and wellbeing is the biggest gift for the family one can give at the moment. She tries to give an optimistic feeling by stating that there is a solution to every problem and even this one will be solved sooner or later and we will face it. She also gives a lot of advice on how to make best use of the time spent in lockdown or quarantine.


Link: https://ujyaaloonline.com/story/35382/2020/4/9/mental-health


Title: Suicide cases on the rise, mental health experts warn of a ‘grim situation’

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Republica correspondent; May 21, 2020


The government had enforced a nationwide lockdown from March 24 following the pandemic outbreak of COVID-19. As we embark on the month of June, the lockdown has been stretched for almost a period of three months, people have now started facing financial turmoil. Daily essentials and monthly savings are now running out. There is an ominous fear and anxiety amongst people.

As per the data compiled by the Nepal Police, there has a been a spike of about 20 percent in the suicide cases from the lockdown period. In the first month itself, a total of 487 people committed suicide. Mental health problems have always been a topic of stigma and taboo in Nepal. Dr. Pant, a professor of psychiatry at TU says the psychological impact on the people of Nepal will have a very negative affect after six months. The world itself is going to face a hard hit negative impact on the individual’s mental health post the pandemic.

The government of Nepal has enforced the lockdown period without a proper planning and focused mainly on containing the spread of the virus while the poor and labourers are neglected, without having proper information and source of income to sustain themselves. The poor in developing countries like ours are dying more from hunger and suicide then from the virus itself. The government must think about the mental health of people at a grim time like this and plan on providing a proper intervention.


Link: https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/news/suicide-cases-on-the-rise-mental-health-experts-warn-of-a-grim-situation/

SNo. 59

Title: COVID-19 pandemic likely to unleash a long term mental health issues in Nepal

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Aditi Baral/ May 20, 2020


The lockdown measure that has been taken to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 is said to have a long term effect on the mental health and the well-being of the people. It is reported that by the time the spread of coronavirus is under control, it would have given rise to various and serious type of mental health issues such as depression, anxiety and panic attacks, sleeping disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), self-harm and eating disorder.

A data provided by Nepal Police, around the first month of the lockdown had filed a total of 487 suicide cases. A 17-year-old male youth had also shared a story in correspondence to the Republica online regarding a friend of trying self-harm methods on himself as he already suffers from anxiety and needs people around him to make himself feel better. The risk of the severity of mental health illnesses are relatively high amongst people who have pre-existing mental health conditions, but it is not to say that a wide range of people would not be affected by the mental health issues.

The pandemic has fractured the world economy, which is to cause laying off amongst the job-holders and unemployment. The economically and socially marginalised are to take the most hit of this in their mental health. The front-line healthcare workers who are working tirelessly everyday with the infected patients are also on the edge to have mental health issues. It is also important to check upon the mental health of the survivors of the pandemic given that they are vulnerable to stigmatization and alienation from society for catching the virus.

As mentioned, the pandemic and the lockdown triggers a behavior and symptoms of OCD in many people such as excessive amounts of hand-washing. Different people cope with the lockdown in different manners and some may even use binge-eating as a coping mechanism. The pandemic not only does affect one’s physical health but the mental health in a large scale and for a long-term period.


Link: https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/news/covid-19-pandemic-likely-to-unleash-a-long-term-mental-health-issues-in-nepal/

SNo 60

Title: How to take care of your mental health during Coronavirus

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:Ankit Khadgi , March 26


As the country shuts down due to the risk of coronavirus Kripa Sigdel Shrestha, executive director at Psychbigyaan Network Nepal, an organisation that works for mental health awareness said that “It can be difficult for people to stay in quarantine, as we have been always functioning in a group setting. Staying in quarantine might result in anxiety and loneliness especially for the vulnerable populations.” A recent study shows that staying in quarantine can cause various psychological issues such as anxiety, stress, anger, depression,etc , but as staying indoor is essential some tips are given to follow during the time of crisis.

Firstly, Distraction is the key that means even though we want to know everything that is going around and instant need to acquire information immediately, distraction plays a key role in sobriety of people’s mentality. Some of the distractions include watching movies, listening to songs and reading books although a complete distraction might not be possible.  Mediation and physical exercise can also help freshen the mind and help in making mood better. People can stay connected through social media to engage with their friends and family, the discussions might be connected to current situations and people should also share their inner feelings. Geographical limitation doesn’t mean we need to be unproductive, we can engage in hobbies or any stress reliever activities. In these uncertain times, people engage in getting as much information as possible, sometimes being a victim of fake news and ease out from the panic. So, we need to get information from credible sources. It is natural for people to use mobiles when they have nothing to do, however, we all know the negative impact of using too much social media. Therefore, we need to limit out screen time.



SNo. 61

Title: 875 people commit suicide during lockdown period in Nepal

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Xinhua correspondent; May 26


Nepal has been under lockdown amidst the COVID-19 pandemic since March 24, 2020. As per the data compiled by the Nepal Police, a total of 875 people have committed suicide during the lockdown period. According to the data, the cases increased by 16 percent in the first month of lockdown itself.

It is reported that 742 people took their lives by hanging themselves followed by 114 people who consumed poison. Psychiatrists have linked various mental health issues on play due to the lockdown where people are forced to stay in their house.


Link: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-05/26/c_139089729.htm

SNo. 62

Title: परिवारले दिने हौसलाले परदेशीको आत्मबल बढाउँछ

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:  जेठ १४, २०७७ बुधबार ११:३१:१४ | करुणा कुँवर/ Sanjita Devkota


This article is based on the interview done by Sanjita with psychologist Karuna Kunwar who works on migrant mental health. The migrant workers have been stranded aboard or those who wanted to go out for work are held back due to lockdown and air transportation put on halt.

The families of migrant workers have been very stressed as their loved ones are away from them. The news of them being quarantined creates fear and panic back home although being in quarantine in itself does not mean a person is infected with a virus. But some families are not well-aware about it, so they are stressed because of it. She mentions there are certain things that can be controlled and other things beyond the control, she urges people to pay attention to things they can control and be cautious while maintaining patience for things beyond control. Family can be a great resource and support for all of us at times like these. People can stay connected with their loved ones through technology to keep their morale high and encourage positive thinking. She encourages seeking professional help if the distress is very high and is hampering daily life and relationships.


Link: https://ujyaaloonline.com/desh-pradesh/story/37777

SNo. 63

Title: हिम्मतले जितिन्छ कोरोना संक्रमण, तर प्राथमिकतामै छैन मानसिक स्वास्थ्य परामर्श

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: नुनुता राई; बुधबार, जेठ १४, २०७७


Globally, the number of people who have recovered and become healthy again is much larger than the ones who have lost their lives. People can win a battle against this virus if they can remain positive, maintain hope and optimism in difficult times while also taking necessary precautions to protect oneself and others. Nepal government’s Ministry of Federal Affairs & General Administration has issued the guidelines for quarantine site operations and management where it is also mentioned that psychosocial services should be provided as far as possible. The mental health professionals urge the government to pay attention to the mental health of the people in quarantine sites where there are over 1,00,000 people now. Dr. Nirmal Lamichhance, vice-president of Psychiatrist Association of Nepal (PAN) has said that the government is not taking mental health seriously. WHO has already warned about potential rise in mental health problems around the world following the pandemics but our government has not paid any attention to it. Psychologist Sandesh Dhakal also highlights the immediate need of mental health services for the people in quarantine. He urges the government to come up with a plan of action.


Link: https://www.himalkhabar.com/news/114481

SNo. 64

Title: Lockdown Blues

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: AYUSHMA REGMI • March 30, 2020


Just as we embarked on the new decade of 2020, the world decided to take a halt as the pandemic known as COVID-19 spread like wildfire from Wuhan, China. As one third of the world’s population is under lockdown and the cases infected with the virus increases, there is a sudden fear, anxiety and grief amongst people. The pandemic is all that is a topic of conversation amongst people.

The writer mentions his conversations with mental health therapists from Nepal on how important it is for self care and self love when there is a certain aspect of hopelessness amongst people. It is important to not dwell too much on worst-case scenarios as it can affect real stress induced anxiety and trauma. A very useful way to tackle any anxiety induced behavior is to keep busy. Ayushma Regmi highlights a very interesting point, that the source of anxiety may not always be linked to the virus itself. The hypertension can also lead from pre-existing stressors, or the extreme measures being used to contain the virus and the former trauma that people are already living with.

The pandemic has hit the world economy and several reports claim that the pandemic is going to hit the developing countries even particularly hard. The manual labourers and the poor are going to suffer the most which we can even see its prevalence now as the migrant workers struggle to come back home from India as the borders are shut down with no immediate means of transportation and insufficient aid from the government. These groups will suffer a catastrophic effect on their physical, emotional and economical wellbeing.

Another particularly vulnerable group in the times of pandemic is the medical community and frontline workers who are working tirelessly with COVID infected patients and without basic protection equipment provided. The medical community might face stigmatization from the social community too which will have a huge mental impact on them. With uncertainty about how hard the pandemic might hit the nation, the medical staff are anxious as there are very limited supply and equipment.

We have to brace ourselves now to the post-corona setting which is now termed as the new normal as it might take time for us to get back to the pre-corona normality. As the lockdown and the cases increases, it is important to prioritize taking care of oneself physically and mentally.


Link: https://www.recordnepal.com/perspective/lockdown-blues/


Title: कोरोनाको भन्दा रोजीरोटीको डर बढी खतरनाक

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:जेठ १६, २०७७; Tuna Bhatta, Sandesh Dhakal


Tuna Bhatta writes this article based on an interview with psychologist Sandesh Dhakal with emphasis on adverse economic impact on the people since the lockdown began. The daily wage earning people and small scale businesses have been most affected by the current crisis. The situation is now further complicated by unemployment and inability to fulfill basic needs for survival. People have somehow got used to the lockdown but the anxiety is increasing now with regard to the future and days to come. The rest of the article is focused on how to manage fear and stress in the current situation. Towards the end again, it emphasises on economic aspects and urges the government to announce relief packages to ease the financial burden which will also help in maintaining psychological wellbeing among the people.


Link: https://ratopati.com/story/132127/2020/5/29/corona-impact

SNo. 66

Title: Are we doing enough for the mental health of healthcare workers?

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:Jyotika Rimal, May 29, 2020                       


The number of coronavirus infected patients are on rise, not just in Nepal but on a worldwide scale. The healthcare workers and frontline staff are on the first responders during this pandemic. They are not only putting their physical health on risk here but also their mental health.

The test kits and the PPE are limitedly available in the country. Amidst that, they are also constantly living in fear of getting infected while treating the patients which can lead them to isolation and other serious mental health issues if not addressed on time.

The writer suggests that the local government should appoint psychologists/ therapists in the hospitals to check upon not only the patients but also the mental health of the healthcare workers. It is also important on our part to check up on doctors and healthcare workers that we know of and are working on the front line.

It is in times like this that being empathetic and kind goes a long way. There have been few reports on some doctors that were stigmatized and not allowed to enter their flat or apartment without a COVID-19 certificate. These types of issues might only worsen and put extra stress and anxiety among the professionals. Mental health has been highly stigmatized in our country and it is in times like this that it should be very important to check on one’s own and others mental health and be kind towards one another.


Link: https://thehimalayantimes.com/opinion/are-we-doing-enough-for-the-mental-health-of-healthcare-workers/

SNo. 67

Title: लकडाउनमा आत्महत्या दर बढ्दै

Writer(Reporter)/Published date:जेष्ठ १८, २०७७; जनकराज सापकोटा, गोकर्ण गौतम


Reporter Janakraj Sapkota highlights the crucial issue of suicide in Nepal. Other countries while trying to fight pandemic are also planning for mental health action plans but our government has no such plans yet although WHO has already alerted that there will be a rise in mental health problems around the world even after the pandemic is over. In Nepal, both mental health problems and crime are increasing after the lockdown and it can be expected that it will increase more with the passing time according to the police reports. The method for sucide has found to be changed due to the lockdown, most are dying by hanging and there is a decrease in death by poisoning or jumping from high places. Police Spokesperson says that they have usually found 3 main reasons for suicide: persoanl, economic and social reasons.

Dr. Kapil Dev Upadhayay says that all kinds of mental health problems are increasing. People are not able to work, their routine has changed dramatically, they are not able to visit and socialize with their loved ones, sick people cannot buy medicine or receive health services. He foresees there will be more cases of depression, anxiety, alcohol abuse, etc.

There are predictions that 1 in every 3 people will have some mental health issues by 2030 but with the current pandemic, it might be true sooner before that year. To help people with mental health issues, countries are mobilizing a large number of trained professionals to provide services. They also have 24 hour hotline service available. The Nepal government has not done much in this area which is very crucial for people’s wellbeing. However, it has allocated some budget in the current fiscal year for mental health and to minimize psychological fear among the people. Finance minister has said that they will invest in gym/physical exercise infrastures and promote yoga for psychological wellbeing.

The police data shows there is increase in crime such as theft, rape, child abuse, etc. the experts warn police administration that it must be more prepared as crisis and disasters lead to more crime rates which we know based on past experiences.


Link: https://ekantipur.com/news/2020/05/31/159089254653194072.html

SNo. 68

Title: कोरोना भाइरस: कोभिड१९ को डरले के हाम्रो मनोविज्ञान परिवर्तन भइरहेको

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: BBC correspondent, 4 मे 2020


The only topic that has been daunting human minds for quite some time now is the Coronavirus or COVID-19, the pandemic that has taken the world in its storm. A constant fear has been established in our psyche which is going to affect one’s psychological changes.

It is quite evident that post this pandemic and lockdown, there are not only going to be economic changes in the world, but also social strata changes and our psychological changes. Prejudice is going to create a distance in the relationship between people across the world. Racism and xenophobia is going to be very prevalent and we might even develop some mental health issues. It is important to keep these things in mind when the worst is over.


Link: https://www.bbc.com/nepali/news-52240831

SNo. 69

Title: मानव अधिकार आयोगले भन्योअनलाइन शिक्षाका नाममा बालबालिकालाई मानसिक दबाबमा नपार

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Kantipur correspondent; वैशाख २५, २०७७


The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has made an appeal to the Ministry of Education and private schools not to put an unnecessary pressure on the children (esp. those who are in the primary level) because of the remote online education. In addition to it, it has also requested the government to pay attention and address the needs of Nepali students abroad, migrant workers, pregnant women, people with disability and children while implementing the lockdown to contain the spread of the coronavirus.

It also emphasized upon the need of food security and addressing livelihood issues of the people. NHRC also stated that the quarantine facilities should be proper and adequate in terms of food, hygiene and shelter for the people. It also found that the lockdown was not effectively monitored and abided by the people.


Link: https://ekantipur.com/news/2020/05/07/15888427027271507.html

SNo. 70

Title: महामारीमा मानसिक स्वास्थ्य

Writer(Reporter)/Published date: Pawan Sharma; वैशाख , २०७७


The healthcare workers are working hard day and night to fight the pandemics. News about it every now and then is increasing stress and worry among the public. The exposure to news should be limited and taken from the reliable sources only. Too much interest and checking news often can increase anxiety disorders. Fear for one’s safety and one’s family and excessive worry about the situation could be the manifestation of the anxiety. Children, old and healthcare might show complex reactions to the current crisis. Adults’ reactions will have a direct impact upon the children at home. Seniors’ routine and activities have also been changed or limited. He explains about the different symptoms of anxiety that might be expressed in response to this current crisis.


Link: https://ekantipur.com/bibidha/2020/04/21/158743240055519859.html

About Contributors:

Palistha Tuladhar is a Bachelor of Arts graduate in Psychology, Sociology and English from Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, India. She did her summer internship as a content writer in M&S VMag in 2018. As a part of her academic learning, she also did service learning at Mithra Jyoti Foundation in Bangalore, India in 2017. After completing her undergraduate, she also interned with YourDost as a Behavioral Therapist and worked with children under the spectrum of Autism and ADHD respectively from June 2019- February 2020. As a part of her academic requirement in her final year of undergrad, she has also written a research paper on Exam Anxiety and Solution Focused Thinking. She is currently planning on applying abroad to finish her postgraduate degree in Counselling.

Deepsikha Dangol is a final year undergraduate student at Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, India. She is doing her triple majors in Psychology, Sociology and Economics. She did her summer internship with Save Our Souls (SOS), Jorpati, 2019. She also did her service learning as a part of her course at Society for Community Health Awareness and Research and Action (SOCHARA), Bangalore in 2018. As a part of her final year of graduation, she wrote a research paper on the topic “Influence of pet attachment on stress in the workplace”.

Sujen Man Maharjan studied Clinical & Counseling Psychology (MA) in Central Department of Psychology at Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu. He is a founder/administrator of NEPsychNet. He has experience in research and psychosocial programme management. He has worked with International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Action Contre la Faim (ACF) and Transcultural Psychosocial Organization (TPO) Nepal.